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Sentinel Connect to GCS

  1. Connect to QGroundControl
  2. Network Layout
  3. Connecting to QGC over 5G
  4. Confirm Connection

Connect to QGroundControl

We’ll use QGroundControl for the GCS. First, verify that PX4 is running on your VOXL 2 using the following

voxl-inspect-services

If it is not running, it can be enabled to run on boot using the following:

systemctl enable voxl-px4

Network Layout

In order to connect to QGC, ensure that your host computer is connected to the same network as your Sentinel.

If PX4 is running and both devices are connected to the network then Sentinel should automatically detect the host PC running QGC and connect.

voxl-qgc-connected.png

Connecting to QGC over 5G

First follow the steps to connect to the 5G network.

In order to connect QGC over the LTE or 5G network, a VPN will be needed in order to complete the bridge from the cellular network to the

A typical use case of an LTE connection is to connect a drone to a Ground Control Station (GCS) such as QGroundControl. Typically the GCS is also connected to an LTE network. In this case, both the drone and the GCS have been assigned IP addresses on the LTE network that are private to the carrier network. This prevents the drone from directly connecting to the GCS since their IP addresses are not visible to each other over the internet.

There are a variety of ways to solve this issue. ModalAI uses a VPN as the preferred solution.

LTE data flow

This diagram shows how the VPN solution works. In this example a server is allocated with a static IP address, 35.236.55.229. You can easily set your own server up with Google Cloud Platform, Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, etc. Ubuntu is our preferred OS for our servers. Our VPN is setup using the OpenVPN software package.

In the example above, once the drone has connected to the AT&T network, it obtains the IP address 10.47.x.y and the GCS, once connected, obtains the address 10.47.x.z.

With the OpenVPN server software running on the cloud server and OpenVPN client software on both the drone and the GCS, the devices can now connect and get VPN IP address assignments. In this diagram, the drone is assigned 10.8.0.6 and the GCS is assigned 10.8.0.8. The drone can now communicate directly to the GCS using the 10.8.0.8 IP address.

It is desirable for the drone and the GCS to always get the same IP address when connecting to the VPN. This is possible by assigning each separate network endpoint a unique security certificate. When each endpoint connects using it’s certificate it can be configured to receive the same address every time.

OpenVPN client on Sentinel

Sentinel comes with OpenVPN pre-installed

In order to use OpenVPN on Sentinel, you will need to supply a configuration file and the certificates / keys for your VPN. These files can be placed in the directory /etc/openvpn.

The following is an example of running OpenVPN as a daemon:

cd /etc/openvpn

openvpn --daemon --script-security 2 --config vpn-key.ovpn

Confirm Connection

If connection succeeds, you should get a connected status in QGC.

Next Step: Pre-Flight Setup



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